When we use a computer, whether desktop or laptop, as we know we need a series of input devices that allow us to enter actions and text through the hardware of the computer.
In this sense, it is indispensable that our PC has keyboard and mouse, so we could say that it is the most important peripherals. However, we can use the equipment with which it only has a keyboard, since there are different actions that we can perform with the same and thus even dispense completely the mouse.
That is why many users make use of their PC through only the keyboard, that is to say that the mouse practically do not use it, and for this they take advantage of different key combinations of the keyboard that allows you to access a punctual keyboard command . Therefore it never hurts to know which are the indispensable keyboard commands when using a PC.
In addition the use of keyboard commands allows us to access different functions or perform different actions in almost all the programs that work in our computer, and in this way not only gives us access, but also allows us to carry out the work of More quickly.
Precisely here we tell you what the keyboard commands are and what are those indispensable for the daily use of the computer.
Table of Contents
- 1 What are keyboard commands?
- 2 Essential keyboard commands
- 3 Windows System Keyboard Commands
- 4 Windows Program Keyboard Commands
- 5 General Keyboard Commands
- 6 Keyboard command to copy a file
- 7 Keyboard command for controlling general folders and shortcuts
- 8 Keyboard Commands for Accessibility Shortcuts
- 9 Keyboard Commands for Dialog Boxes
What are keyboard commands?
If we talk about keyboard commands most computer users will probably mention the combination of the “Ctrl + C” keys to copy and the combination of “Ctrl + V” to paste, either text, a file, A folder or others.
Well, perhaps we have not stopped to think that the mechanical act of using those key combinations are actually shortcuts that we achieve through specific keyboard commands . In this way we are using a type of user interface of commands that allows us through a single keyboard input to send a command command to an application or to the operating system of our PC.
Although in most computer programs the keyboard commands have similar specific functions, the truth is that in some cases the function of these keyboard commands may vary between applications. Even some programs give users the ability to configure their own shortcuts for commands.
Beyond that, the truth is that keyboard commands are usually quite simple, and in some cases may require the use of a single key to execute that command,which is achieved by pressing two or three Keys.
We can say then that basically a keyboard shortcut is any command executed by pressing one or more keys on the keyboard, which allows us to achieve a goal in our PC, ie give an order for a process, no need to use Another type of input device, such as the mouse.
As a good example of the above, we can cite what happens when we use a word processor. In this type of programs we can interact with the user interface seamlessly through keyboard commands.
In the case of Word for example, when we need to save the file in which we are working, we must point the mouse to the menu bar, click once on the “File” tab ,and then click on the “Save” item. The same can be done with a simple keyboard command, pressing the keys “Ctrl + S”, which will result in the same, that is to say the dialog box to title and save the file in question.
In this way we can see how the keyboard commands are in short a shortcut that gives us the possibility to save a lot of time to save a file, even faster, without having to resort to the mouse.
There are some keyboard commands that have achieved such popularity and are used with a lot of frequency by the users, that each of the programs usually include those commands with the same functions, as for example with the one mentioned above, ie ” Ctrl + S “ to save.
In the world of computing this type of commands that are included with a specific function in numbers programs are abbreviations that are usually considered as sacred or indispensable keyboard commands.
On the other hand, as we have said, some programs give us the possibility to configure our own keyboard commands, depending on the need of each user. In general this happens with specialized applications such as games and editing and design software. This allows us to access more quickly the commands and functions that we use frequently.
Essential keyboard commands
Here is a list of the indispensable keyboard commands to use our PC more efficiently. The truth is that there are a lot of key combinations that allows us to perform certain actions, but here we only present the most used in the Windows operating system.
Windows System Keyboard Commands
CTRL + ESC: Open the Start menu
ALT + TAB: Switch between open programs
ALT + F4: Exits the program
SHIFT + DELETE: Permanently deletes an item
Win + L key: Lock the computer without having to use the Key combination CTRL + ALT + DELETE
Windows Program Keyboard Commands
CTRL + C: Copy
CTRL + X: cut
CTRL + V: Paste
Ctrl + Y: repeats the last action that was canceled
CTRL + Z: Undo the last action
CTRL + B: Bold
CTRL + U: underline
CTRL + I: Italic
Ctrl + A: select all.
Ctrl + B: Search
Ctrl + N: create a new file
Ctrl + O: Open a new document
Ctrl + P: Print
Ctrl + S: Save
Ctrl + W: close the active window
General Keyboard Commands
F1: Start Windows Help
F10: Activate the options in the menu bar
SHIFT + F10: Opens the context menu of the selected item, ie it performs the same action as the right mouse button on a
CTRL + ESC object : Opens the Start menu. We can then use the arrow keys to select an item
CTRL + SHIFT + ESC: Open Windows Task Manager
ALT + RIGHT ARROW: Opens a drop-down list box
ALT + TAB: Switch to another running program. If we hold down the ALT key and press the TAB key we can display the task switching window
SHIFT: While holding down the SHIFT key while inserting a CD-ROM, we can omit the autorun feature
ALT + SPACE: Displays the System menu of the main window. Note that from the System menu you can restore, move, resize, minimize, maximize, or close the
ALT + – (dash) window : Displays the System menu of the multiple document interface (MDI) sub window
CTRL + TAB : Changes to the following sub-window of a multi-document interface (MDI) program
ALT + underlined menu letter: Open menu
ALT + F4: Close active window
CTRL + F4:
Keyboard command to copy a file
If we hold down the CTRL key and at the same time drag a file to another folder,we will make a copy of that file in the destination folder.
Keyboard command for controlling general folders and shortcuts
F4: Select the “Go” box to a different folder and lower the entries in the
F5 box : Update the active window
F6: Move between panels in Windows Explorer
CTRL + Z: Undo the last command
CTRL + A: To select all The elements in the active window
BACKSPACE: Switch to the main folder
Keyboard Commands for Accessibility Shortcuts
By pressing the SHIFT key for five consecutive times we can activate and deactivate StickyKeys.
If you hold down the right SHIFT key for eight seconds, FilterKeys is turned on and off.
Also by holding down the NUM LOCK key for five seconds we can turn ToggleKeys on and off.
ALT left + SHIFT left + NUM LOCK: Turns MouseKeys on and off
ALT left + SHIFT left + PRINT SCREEN: Toggles high contrast on and off
Keyboard Commands for Dialog Boxes
TAB: Goes to the next control of the
SHIFT + TAB dialog box : Goes to the previous control of the
SPACEBAR dialog box : If the current control is a button, it is equivalent to clicking on it. If the current control is a check box, it is the same as turning the check box on or off. If the current control is an option, the option is selected.
ENTER or Enter: It is equivalent to clicking the selected button
ESC: It is equivalent to clicking the Cancel button
ALT + underlined letter of the dialog box item: Go to the corresponding item